Adaptive Sports

Powerchair Soccer Fact Sheet

Competitive team sport designed for power wheelchair users

  • Two teams of 4 power wheelchair users play offense and defense
  • Oversized soccer ball – 18 inches in diameter
  • Plastic formed soccer guards mounted to front of chair move ball around
  • Coed by design
  • Regulation basketball floor

Anybody can play

  • Must be able to operate powerchair
  • Mostly participants are 5 y/o and up with Quadriplegia, Cerebral Palsy, MS, Head Trauma, Stroke, or any other physical disability


  •  Developed more than 20 years ago
  •  Tournaments are fielded across the globe
  •  NSDA – National Disability Sports Alliance official sport


  • Rear, front, and mid wheel drives are all accepted
  • Footplates are attached to bumper for easier maneuvering and dribbling of the ball


  • Maneuver the wheelchair to score a goal
  • Goals are 25 feet apart, located at opposite ends of the court
  • Two 25-minute halves (23 minutes straight time – last 2 minutes are stop clock)
  • Each team is allowed two 2-minute timeouts per half
  • Referees must stop play when safety if compromised (Referee timeout cannot be more than 2 minutes)
  • 3 players & 1 goalie each team
  • Ball must be moved by the wheelchair
  • Moving ball with body part is a violation
  • Only two players and the goalie are allowed in the goal zone
  • Out of bounds plays – the ball is hit in by the team that isn’t responsible for hitting the ball out from the spot the ball went out
  • Free kicks and penalty kicks result depending on the severity of the foul

Minor fouls include

  • Holding
  • Clipping
  • Redirecting
  • Backing up
  • Hand ball
  • Illegal sub
  • Goalzone

Major fouls include

  • Charging
  • Goal tending
  • Unsportsmanlike conduct

IPFA – International Power Football Association (France, Japan, USA, Canada, England, Belgium, and Portugal)