Adaptive Sports

Sledge Ice Hockey aka. Para Ice Hockey


  •    Debuted 1994, Lilehammer Winter Games
  •    Fast passed, played by males and females, physical impairment to lower body.
  •    Governed by IPC and the World Para Ice Hockey Technical Committee
  •    Follows the rules of the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) with some modifications:
            Double blade sledges that allow the puck to pass beneath
            2 sticks, which have 1 edge for propulsion and 1 edge for shots on goal

Competition Nature

  •  Try to outscore the opponent by shooting the puck into opposing the goal
  •  Prevent the other team from scoring
  •  Six players, including goalkeeper on ice at one time per team
  •  Ambidextrous shooting
  •  15-minute periods


Protective Gear

  • Helmets required with full cage facemask
  • Protective collar
  • Protective padding (shoulder pads, shin guards, elbow pads, large padded gloves)
  • Goalkeeper (Leg pads, body pads, helmet and visor, catcher glove)


  • Vulcanized rubber
  • 2.54cm thick
  • 7.62cm diameter
  • 156 to 170 grams in weight


  • Aluminum or steel sledge
  • 0.6m to 1.2m in length sledge
  • Curved front end
  • Two seating systems
  • Sledge is set on two blades, each 3mm thick
  • Puck must be able to pass underneath sledge
  • Height of main frame must be 8.5cm to 9.5 cm above the ice
  • Blade length must not be more than 1/3 of the total length of the sledge
  • Back rest to the sledge is acceptable if needed.
    Must stay within armpit width.
    Straps secure the players feet, ankles, and hips to the sledge.


  • Two sticks
  • Wooden blade and one end and a pick at the other end
  • Stick max length of 1m, made of wood, aluminum/ titanium
  • Blade mas length 25cm, except for the goalkeeper’s blade, which is max 35cm
  • Pick at the end of the stick must not damage the ice surface or puncture/ damage and players
  • Point of the stick may not be more than 1cm beyond the stick
  • Must have at least 6 points and max length of 4mm
  • Goal keeper may have an additional pick at the base of his stick and may also use another stick


  •   Invented in a Stockholm rehabilitation center, Sweden
  •   Early 1960’s a group of swede’s, despite having physical impairments, they continued to play ice hockey.
  •   Five team league was developed during 1969
  •    League included able-bodied individuals and physically impaired individuals
  •   1970’s – other countries start developed teams Great Britain (1981), Canada (1982), USA (1990), Estonia and Japan (1993)